A Glossary of the Most Commonly Used Dental Terms

Just to describe the oral parts, problems and treatment procedure dentists and their staff use a variety of terms. Such dental terms are often used in the course of delivering oral care to patients. While most of the experienced individuals are familiar with these terms, dentists and dental assistants new to clinical practice have a tough time understanding and memorizing such words.

At Dental Courses in Delhi, we’ve created a handy glossary of dental terms that would help you familiarize with the popular clinical terms. This dental glossary would not only help you stay at ease while in the presence of experienced dentists, but also let you come across as a proficient dentist.


  1. Abrasion: Loss and wearing of tooth structure, generally caused by improper brushing and Bruxism
  2. Abscess: A bone/tooth/soft tissue infection
  3. Abutment: Natural teeth supporting a dental bridge
  4. Amalgam: A commonly used tooth filling material


  1. Band: A metal ring encircling a tooth which is cemented as a part of orthodontic treatment
  2. Base: Cement used for dental restoration
  3. Bicuspid: Pre-molars
  4. Bitewing:An x-ray used to detect cavities
  5. Block Injection: Anesthesia used to numb teeth, lower jaw and half a tongue
  6. Bonding: Tooth-coloured adhesive restoration material used to change tooth colour and shape
  7. Bruxism: Excessive tooth clenching and grinding


  1. Calculus: Medical term for tartar
  2. Canker Sore: Small, shallow sores appearing in the mouth
  3. Caries: Medical term for cavity
  4. Cementum: A thin, but hard tissue covering tooth root
  5. Composite: A tooth-coloured filling
  6. Cuspid: Canines


  1. Deciduous Teeth: Primary teeth
  2. Dentin: Tooth structure immediately underneath the enamel and cementum
  3. Diastema: Space between teeth
  4. Dry Socket: Inflammation in the tooth socket prior to tooth removal


  1. Edentulous: Lacking teeth
  2. Endodontist: A root canal specialist


  1. Filling: Various materials used to restore teeth (resin, porcelain, metal, amalgam, etc.)
  2. Forceps: Instrument used for removing teeth
  3. Freeway Space: the space between the lower and upper teeth while the lower jaw rests


  1. Gingiva: Soft tissues around the teeth, i.e. gums
  2. Gingivitis: A gum disease causing inflammation and swelling


  1. Halimeter: An instrument that helps in diagnosing halitosis
  2. Halitosis: Chronic bad breath
  3. Hyperemia: Tooth sensitivity arising out of increased blood flow


  1. Impacted Tooth: A partially erupting tooth
  2. Impression: Teeth mold
  3. Inlay: Indirect tooth filling


  1. Laminate: Veneers made out of porcelain in laboratories


  1. Malocclusion: Poorly aligned jaws causing improper bite
  2. Mandible: Lower jaw
  3. Maxilla: Upper jaw
  4. Mouth Guard: Removable device used to protect teeth from injuries


  1. Night Guard: A removable device used to prevent teeth grinding
  2. Nitrous Oxide: Used to relieve patients of dental anxiety
  3. NSAID: A dental analgesic


  1. Occlusion: Contact between mandible and maxilla
  2. Onlay: Indirect tooth filling for restoring more than one teeth
  3. Oral Sedation: Any substance that’s used to diminish dental anxiety, used along anesthesia
  4. Orthodontist: A dental specialist that corrects teeth positioning


  1. Palate: Tissues forming the roof of the mouth
  2. Periodontist: A dentist specializing in children’s teeth
  3. Prosthesis: An artificial tooth replacement
  4. Prognosis: The anticipated treatment outcome
  5. Prosthodontist: A dental specialist who restores teeth through crowns and bridges


  1. Radiosurgery: Any dental surgery that involves radiation
  2. Restorative Dentistry: Diagnosis and treatment of teeth and their supporting structures
  3. Retainer: A device used to keep teeth in position prior to a treatment


  1. Sealant: A plastic resin that’s bonded in the pits and fissures to prevent tooth decay
  2. Splint: Tying multiple teeth together to increase stability


  1. Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ): The joint connecting skull to the lower jaw
  2. Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction: Pops and pain in TMJ
  3. Trauma: Injury to teeth and the nearby soft tissues


  1. Xerostomia: A condition causing the mouth to be dry

List of Various Diploma Courses after BDS?

Dentistry is one of the most exciting career choices. As part of their education, prevention, diagnosis, and treatment activities, dentists provide the public with an essential health service. Before applying to a faculty of dentistry, you must determine whether your career choice is suitable for you, what the requirements for education and training are, and what opportunities a dental degree can offer you in addition to practice the general rule.
The Dental courses academy profession requires strong artistic skills. Dentistry is widely a meticulous art, which requires precision manual work. Whether lightening a tooth or correcting a complete jaw, dentists must have an aesthetic sense and technical skill to achieve the best possible results.

Dentists rely on their intelligence and experience to determine what is best for their patients. They must consistently make creative decisions to develop treatment plans for their patients and achieve them. To this end, they must take into account some complex factors.

The purpose of a diploma program in Dentistry is about dental care in clinical practice, particularly the latest knowledge. Participants have the opportunity to discuss the latest methods of learning in patients with complex disease care and oral health care of patients with special needs.

Here are some of the Diploma after BDS which are being offered

PG Certificate in Oral Implantology/ PG certificate in Laser Dentistry (Manipal University)
Dental Courses after BDS time- 1 year. The diploma courses comprises of 4 contact sessions. Each session lasts for 6 days approximately. The diploma program teaches about the didactic lectures, advance procedures of Oral implants, live demonstrations of basic implantology. You need to pass your BDS form a recognized university to get this diploma.

Fellowship in Aesthetic Dentistry

It is another popular Diploma course for the BDS graduate students. This diploma provides the Dentist practitioners with new educational skills and knowledge and enhances their specialty into the world of Cosmetic Dentistry. The program is highly focused on teaching as well as practicing the evidence based principles and systems.
Post-Graduate Certificate in Oral Implantology (PGCOI)

The duration for this diploma course is 1 year (minimum) and offers expertise in the subjects of modern and advanced Implantology. The course covers a broad spectrum of the implants treatment methods and is based on teaching based practice.

Post-Graduate Certificate in Oral Implantlogy (PGCOI)

  • Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery & Oral Implantology
  • Conservative Endodontics & Aesthestic Dentistry
  • Periodontology & Oral Implantology
  • Oral Medicine & Radiology
  • Public Health Dentistry & Preventive Dentistry
  • Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopaedics
  • ProsthodonticsbCrown Bridge & Oral Implantology

Post-Graduate Certificate in Endodontics (PGCE)

The candidate must be registered as a BDS doctor and must have completed his/her internship program. His degree should be recognised by the Dental Council of India. It is one year certificate program that comprises of 30 credits as per university standards and approved by Dental Council of India.

Fellowship in Cosmetic Dentistry

This diploma provides the general dentists with scientifically based rationality for all diagnosis, treatment, patient care and planning decision. Duration:6 months online, 4 weeks contact program. You get enhanced knowledge of basic oral science, cosmetic dentistry. The course also improves your knowledge about modern aesthetic treatment methods.

Alternatively, one choose to opt for any of the multiple diploma courses at Dental Clinic in Delhi.
The Delhi dental institute comprises of several senior MDS specialists who are well-versed with the international standards and have decades of experience of teaching post-graduate students.

Apart from the generic, year-long courses, they have weekend crash courses, integrated dental courses, and various short and long-term dental courses on offer.

Let’s browse through the available dental diploma courses:

Weekend Courses:

  1. Practical demonstration
  2. Taught to prepare for typodonts
  3. Usage of Rotary instruments

Integrated Courses:

  1. Prosthodontics (Restoration and smile designing)
  2. Endodontics (Dental pulp and root canal)
  3. Implantology (Components supporting prosthesis and dental implants)

Short and Long-Term Courses:

  1. Restorative and Aesthetic Dentistry
  2. Extensive Endodontics
  3. Dental Implants
  4. Rotary Endodontics
  5. Prosthodontics (Fixed and Removed)
  6. Laser Dentistry

Fixed Prosthodontics Dentistry Course

Fixed Prosthodontics is the area of restorative dentistry that is focused on permanently attached dental prostheses. It is concerned with restoring teeth using restorations that are fixed inside the patient’s mouth and cannot be removed by the patient. It is sometimes also referred to as indirect restoration and includes silver fillings, tooth-coloured composite resin, crowns, bridges (fixed dentures), inlays, onlays and veneers. Fixed Prosthodontics is used for restoring single and multiple teeth and the gaps between the teeth. Compared to direct restoration, it provides superior strength if used in large restorations and can be used to create aesthetically pleasing teeth. If planned and executed correctly, indirect restorations can easily last for 10-12 years.

Preparing a tooth for a crown involves removal of a significant amount of a tooth structure. It should be noted that restorations are compromised structures with limited functional integrity when compared to a natural tooth. Restorations are typically created in laboratories after taking moulds (impressions).

The main types of restorations are:

1. Crown: Commonly referred to as cap, they are prepared by the dentist and provide what is known as full coverage. There are several methods of crown fabrication and are constructed using different materials ranging from gold to high-strength porcelain.

2. Bridge: Bridges are constructed to restore the gaps between teeth, i.e. edentulous area, using fixed restorations on adjacent teeth.

3. Inlay: A conservative alternative for crown, an inlay is a restoration that lies within the cusps and is used when a small amount of tooth tissue is missing within the confines of the cusps.

4. Onlay: Similar to inlays, an onlay covers or protects one or more cusps. They are particularly useful in strengthening the tooth, and when there’s damage due to trauma or caries.

5. Veneer: A veneer is a thin layer of restorative material glued onto the tooth’s surface that is used to restore a damaged or rotated tooth and to improve the aesthetics. Composite and porcelain are the most common materials used for veneers.

At Dentalcoursesindelhi, we provide an intensive and comprehensive course on Fixed Prosthodontics. Considered one of the best private dental institutes in Delhi, our aim is to make the procedure easier and faster for you to learn. As much as 30% of the revenue your practice would generate would be coming from Fixed Prosthodontics. Join this hands-on course to increase your knowledge and skills in this particular procedure and see your practice enjoyment increase. With limited class sizes, we ensure that all your personal queries are answered. We make sure that you leave the premises with complete mastery over the subject.

The objectives of this course are:
– Criteria that necessitate crowns and fixed prostheses
– Whether the tooth should be extracted or restored
– Ridge augmentation
– Preoperative tooth bleaching
– Soft-tissue management
– Conservative periodontal therapy
– High-end tools required for Fixed Prosthodontics procedure
– Different elements for fixed prostheses
Ceramic restorations
– When are implants preferred over fixed prostheses and why
– Buildups, and post and core

Skills you’d acquire with our course:
– Training in diagnosis
– Optimum treatment plan acceptance
– Treatment planning
– Impression techniques
– Different post systems
– Impression techniques
– Shade selection
– Build-up techniques